Human DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is a complex molecule that contains the genetic instructions needed for the development and function of all known living organisms. It is present in nearly every cell in the human body and is made up of two long strands of nucleotides that are coiled around each other to form a double helix. Each strand of the double helix is composed of four different types of nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C), and guanine (G). The sequence of these nucleotides determines the genetic information that is carried by the DNA molecule.
DNA is organized into units called genes, which contain the instructions for making proteins. Proteins are important for many different functions in the body, including the structure of cells, the regulation of chemical reactions, and the communication between cells. The genetic information carried by DNA is used to synthesize proteins through a process called transcription, which involves the production of a complementary RNA molecule (ribonucleic acid) from the DNA template. The RNA molecule is then used as a template for protein synthesis during translation.
Human DNA is inherited from our parents, with half coming from our mother and half from our father. Each person has a unique DNA sequence, which is determined by the specific combination of nucleotides inherited from their parents. The DNA sequence can be used to predict certain characteristics, such as physical traits and the risk of certain diseases. It can also be used in forensic science to identify individuals and in medical research to understand the genetic basis of diseases and to develop new treatments.
The article was written by chat.openai.com